Criminal Justice Ph.D.s Celebrates 40 Years

Dr. Jerry Dowling and Dean George Killinger
Dr. Jerry Dowling (left) and then Dean Dr. George Killinger in 1977.

The brainchild of two visionary men, George J. Beto, former Director of the Texas Department of Corrections, and Arleigh B. Templeton, former President of Sam Houston State College, was to establish a program of excellence in criminal justice education. Forty years later, the College of Criminal Justice has produced 259 doctoral graduates, including prominent leaders in academia and in practice across the Unites States and world.

"Over the years, the College of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University has produced quality Ph.D.s that have worked across the State of Texas, the nation, and internationally," said Dr. Michael Vaughn, Assistant Dean for Graduate Studies at SHSU’s College of Criminal Justice and Director of the Ph.D. Program. "Sam Houston graduates serve on the boards and are office holders of key academic professional organizations in the discipline, including the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and the American Society of Criminology. Moreover, the teaching, research and scholarship conducted by Sam Houston students, alumni and faculty have made the world a better place.

"The 40th Anniversary of our Ph.D. program is a time to honor the College as well as celebrate our Ph.D. grads who have contributed so much to the academic discipline of criminal justice and criminology."

Drs. Charles Friel and Rolando del Carmen and his wife Josefa
Dr. Charles Friel (center) (center) with Dr. Rolando del Carmen and his wife Josefa in 1986.

In 1970, the then-Coordinating Board of Texas Colleges and University System approved the doctoral program at Sam Houston State University, one of the first criminal justice Ph.D. programs in the nation. It was an extension of the Master’s degree programs in criminal justice and behavioral sciences in the Institute of Contemporary Corrections and Behavioral Sciences, the name before we became the College of Criminal Justice.

"We are gratified to have the approval of the degree in criminal justice since it constitutes the final step in the process of the institution in its development of a strong educational curriculum in criminal justice from the basic masters to the doctoral level," George Killinger, then director of the Institute, said in a 1970 Huntsville Item article. "We are especially grateful to be the first university in the national to offer the professional doctorate in criminal justice."

During the first year of the program, only five students were admitted. In 1973, Randall P. McCauley and Ronald J. Waldren became the first to earn the prestigious degree.

"The conferring of these degrees to these outstanding candidates is the crowning glory of the program in criminal justice at Sam Houston," Killinger said at the time of the 1973 commencement ceremony.

Since that time, many more have passed through the doors of the College of Criminal Justice and contributed what they learned in Huntsville, Texas to the field far and wide.

The College’s influences can be seen on college campuses, in prominent publications, in organizational leadership, in local, state and federal agencies and in the military.

"In virtually every issue of every major journal in criminal justice, you will almost always find the College’s graduates,” said Dr. David L. Carter, a SHSU Ph.D. alumni and professor at Michigan State University’s School of Criminal Justice. “They are prolific in public research. They have had a tremendous influence in ACJS and ASC and had a number of presidents and officers, probably more than any other college or university.

"There is a phenomenal network of graduates with a common and magnificent bond. You have people coming into Huntsville from all over the world."

Carter came to Sam Houston in the summer of 1977, earning his Ph.D. in 1980. During that time, Sam Houston State University was one of the only colleges offering a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice and had a good reputation. Living in McAllen, Texas, it also offered affordable in-state tuition, Carter recalls.

"The faculty were all involved on a national level with research and publication," Carter said. "But it wasn’t just enough to be well-rounded in academics. You can’t be isolated in theory. It focused on real world problems and was very much involved in policy."

Carter said the College provided him with lifelong friends.

"Life is richer when with the things you do professionally, you know you have friends you can rely on," said Carter. "What I learned at Sam has influenced me throughout my career."

Dr. Timothy N. Oettmeier, an Executive Assistant Chief at the Houston Police Department, said the College helped him bridge the gap between the academic and and practitioner’s world, making him a better thinker and decision maker.

"It has helped extraordinarily in my job," said Oettmeier, who earned his Ph.D. in 1982. "It creates a process where you listen and make sure you have a complete picture of all the facts, critically analyze the issue, ask questions, weigh the information and go forward with a recommendation. The best thing about graduate work is that professor teaches you how to think differently. You see issues on a broader scale."

Oettmeier especially likes the College’s partnerships with law enforcement and corrections through the Bill Blackwood Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas and the Correctional Management Institute of Texas. The Houston Police Department and the College also are working together on several projects with community surveys and intensive patrols.

"Locally, they provide valuable resources for police agencies and correctional agencies," Oettmeier said. "We are so lucky to have programs of that stature and magnitude."

During the 1990s, Dr,. Jeffery T. Walker, professor and graduate coordinator at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, remembers the endless discussion and academic argument in “The Dungeon,” the basement of the Criminal Justice Center where Ph.D. students’ offices are located, or at Mazzio’s pizzeria, where Friday lunches were served. He authored his first book with Dr. Rolando del Carmen, Distinguished and Regents Professor, before he even left the College.

'What I remember most was the breadth of people that you could talk to," said Walker. "I felt like when I came out of there, I could teach anything."

Dr. Bitna Kim did her undergraduate and graduate work in South Korea, but came to Sam Houston in 2003 for her Ph.D. studies. She now teaches gender and race issues at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. She too remembers many a late night in the Dungeon with her fellow Ph.D. students preparing for the comprehensive exams as well as the mentorship she received from many faculty members.

"The College has more resources than other graduate and doctoral program," said Dr. Kim. "It has excellent faculty. You learn about international issues. Even outside the United States, the College has a good reputation."

As SHSU continues to produce the next generation of criminal justice Ph.D.s, it plans to celebrate its 40th year of doctoral education with a reception in March at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences conference in Toronto, Canada. All Ph.D. graduates are invited to attend.

Following is a list of all Ph.D.s who graduated from the Sam Houston’s College of Criminal Justice.

Janice Ahmad, August 2001
Leanne F. Alarid, August 1996
John R. Altemose, December 1973
James F. Anderson, May 1995
Lisa Andrews, August 2004
Hasan T. Arlsan, December 2008
David Armstrong, December 1998
Nicholas. A. Astone, August 1978
Cary D. Atkinson, May 2005
Kenneth A. Ayers, August 1984
Maldine B. Bailey, August 2002
Damon L. Barbat, May 1982
Agnes L. Baro, May 1991
Vidisha Barua, August 2008
Allen R. Beck, May 1978
Barbara A. Belbot, May 1995
Katherine J. Bennett, December 1996
James C. Benson, December 1977
Ashley G. Blackburn, December 2006
Michael B. Blankenship, August 1988
William P. Bloss, August 1996
Madhava Bodapati, August 1993
Gene L. Bonham, August 2004
Eugene E. Bouley Jr., August 1995
Susan F. Brinkley, December 1983
Deon Brock, August 1998
Dale Brooker, August 2005
Thomas L. Broussard, May 1980
Michael F. Brown, December 1982
Katherine M. Brown, August 2008
Tori J. Caeti, May 1999
Salih H. Can, August 2006
Timothy A. Capron, May 1979
David L. Carter, August 1980
Thomas E. Caywood, August 1995
Kelly A. Cheeseman, May 2006
Ming-Chwang "Mark" Chen, August 1988
Sutham Cheurprakobkit, August 1996
Jiunn-Cherng Chiou, December 2004
Yeok-il Cho, August 2005
Gregory A. Clark, August 1988
Jay Coons, May 2004
Betty A. Crews, May 1990
Jeffrey D. Dailey, May 2002
Audre L. Dallam, August 1987
Samuel L. Dameron, May 1987
Dilip K. Das, August 1983
Mario Davila, August 2005
Daniel K. Dearth, August 1984
Irfan Demir, May 2008
Michael J. DeValve, December 2004
Elizabeth DeValve, August 2004
Michael J. Devine, December 1988
Deanna L. Diamond, December 2004
Adam L. Dulin, December 2006
Richard T. Dull, August 1981
Steven A. Egger, December 1985
George Eichenberg, December 2000
Helen M. Eigenberg, December 1989
Ahmet Ekici, Augut 2008
Jack E. Enter, August 1984
Tarik Eser, December 2007
Phillip A. Ethridge, August 1990
Carl L. Farnsworth, August 1980
Jon R. Farrar, May 1986
Harlee I. Field, August 1989
Charles B. Fields, August 1984
Alan B. Fliegel, August 1975
Robert S. Fong, August 1987
Shannon Fowler, December 2007
Durant Frantzen, December 2006
Robert L. Frazier, August 1973
Jennifer Frisbie, August 1999
Eric J. Fritsch, December 1995
Larry K. Gaines, August 1975
Tammy S. Garland, August 2004
Bruce W. Gay, May 1993
James W. Golden, August 1994
Georgen Guerrero, December 2007
David B. Gulick, May 1984
Bahram Haghighi, May 1985
William C. Hale, August 2005
Dayton Hall, May 1999
Robert Hanser, December 2002
Harkristuti Harkrisnowo, May 1991
Hilary Q. Harper, December 1974
Barbara L. Hart, August 1978
Deborah J. Hartley, December 2008
Robert Hawkins, August 1998
Dawn M. Hayes, August 2006
Michael H. Hazlett, December 1984
William P. Heck, May 1990
Bruce L. Heininger, August 1979
Craig Hemmons, May 1998
Howard Henderson, August 2006
Thomas J. Hickey, December 1985
Lance F. Hignite, May 2007
Sean D. Hill, December 2002
Richard N. Holden, August 1980
David M. Horton, August 1983
Frank Huang, August 1993
Shihlung Huang, May 1996
Robert G. Huckabee, August 1982
Wendelin M. Hume, December 1999
Robert J. Hunter, May 1993
Jerome E. Jackson, May 1992
Jay D. Jamieson, December 1981
Hyunseok Jang, August 2008
Charles R. Jeffords, August 1981
Robert A. Jerin, December 1987
Paul H. Johnson, December 1975
Charles L. Johnson, May 1977
Matthew C. Johnson, August 2008
Amanda Johnson, August 2010
Gerald M. Jones, August 1994
Victor E. Kappeler, August 1988
Michael Kaune, August 1993
Lester W. Keaton, December 1987
John Kennedy, December 2003
Yong Jin Kim, December 1989
Bitna Kim, August 2008
Patricia King, December 2003
Monica Koenigsberg, December 2008
Peter B. Kraska, May 1989
Pornchai Kuntee, May 1995
Shih-Ya Kuo, August 2008
Richard A. Lawrence, August 1978
Lou Jou Lee, December 1994
Chang Bae Lee, August 2008
Won-Jae Lee, December 2004
Unisa Lerdtomornsakul, May 2006
Eve L. Lieber, August 1981
Hyeyoung Lim, August 2008
Bill Tsangchang Lin, August 1990
Chien-Yang "Albert" Lin, December 1990
Lydia Long, August 1997
Pedro Lopez, May 1983
Horace B. Lyons, December 2006
Daniel J. Mabrey, December 2006
Vesna Markovic, May 2009
Robert L. Marsh, May 1975
Harry L. Marsh, August 1988
Mark Marsolais, August 1997
Regina S. Martin, May 1991
Pablo E. Martinez, December 1987
Randall P. McCauley, May 1973
Elizabeth McConnell, December 1989
Tana M. McCoy, August 2002
Marilyn F. McShane, May 1985
Randolph T. McVey, December 1992
Martin S. Meagher, August 1983
Dorothy E. Merianos, May 2001
Scott M. Mire, August 2005
Junseob Moon, August 2009
James B. Moore, August 1979
Cindy Moors, May 2003
Nathan R. Moran, August 2002
Laura J. Moriarty, August 1988
Robert G. Morris, May 2007
Saliba D. Mukoro, December 1984
Janet Mullings, August 1997
Karon Murff, August 2007
Michael W. Neustrom, August 1977
Ronald J. Niksich, December 1983
Timothy N. Oettmeier, May 1982
James L. O'Keefe, December 1989
Aziz Ozmen, August 2008
Mary L. Parker, May 1986
Derek J. Paulsen, August 2000
Leonard Peck, December 2004
Mary E. Pelz, May 1988
Dante R. Pena, December 1986
Roger Pennel, August 1986
James R. Phelps, December 2008
Thatchai Pitaneelaboot, August 1997
O. Elmer Polk, May 1993
Pairat Pongchareon, May 1984
Scott A. Pray, May 2006
Joseph K. Price, August 1983
Michael P. Pugh, August 1980
Chester L. Quarles, December 1973
Paige H. Ralph, August 1992
Gerard F. Ramker, August 1983
Frances P. Reddington, May 1992
William E. Reed, August 1982
Susan Ritter, December 1997
Ronald W. Robinson, May 1977
Sunghoon Roh, August 2005
James M. Ruiz, December 2000
Prapon Sahapattana, August 2007
Patti R. Salinas, December 2005
Louis R. San Marco, August 1979
Claudia SanMiquel, December 2005
Allen D. Sapp, August 1980
Robert A. Sarver, August 2007
Mary B. Sarver, May 2008
Kathryn E. Scarborough, August 1995
Edward J. Schauer, May 1990
Harald O. Schweizer, May 1990
Robert F. Scott Jr., August 1993
Murat Sever, August 2008
Douglas Shannon, August 1986
Thaksin Shinawatra, May 1979
Barbara A. Sims, May 1997
Richard D. Sluder, August 1991
Barry D. Smith, May 1981
Clete J. Snell, August 1999
Nadhapit Snidvongs, August 1984
Jonathan R. Sorensen, May 1990
Floyd L. Stewart, August 1978
Daniel M. Stewart, August 2009
Kendall R. Stockholm, August 1984
William E. Stone, December 1975
Christine Strosnider, August 1978
Thomas E. Sullenberger, December 1977
R. Alan Thompson, May 2001
Stacey M. Thompson, May 2002
Chloe Ann Tischler, August 1995
Eve W. Trook, May 1991
Chad. R. Trulson, August 2002
Ting-Jung Tsai, August 1997
Ben Y. Tseng, August 1986
Roger W. Turnquist, August 1980
Jagdish C. Uppal, December 1973
Michael Van Aelstyn, December 2007
Donna M. Vandiver, May 2002
Joseph B. Vaughn, December 1988
Michael S. Vaughn, August 1993
Carol A. Veneziano, May 1982
Scott Vollum, December 2005
Sandra Wachholz, December 1994
Ronald J. Waldron, May 1973
Jeffery T. Walker, August 1992
Kevin D. Walsh, May 2009
Hsiao-Ming Wang, August 1998
Glenn C. Ware, May 1983
Dierdre M. Warren, August 2009
David W. Webb, May 2007
Kristen L. Welch, December 2009
Terry Wells, May 1997
Robert M. Werling, August 2006
Stephanie A. Whitus, December 2006
William V. Wilkinson, August 1985
Harold E. Williamson, May 1980
Che' D. Williamson, May 2002
Franklin T. Wilson, August 2006
Bruce Wilson, December 1998
Brian Withrow, August 1999
Betsy Witt, August 2004
Thomas S. Woodard, May 1976
David A. Woods, August 1991
Robert M. Worley, May 2006
Tzu-Rung Yao Wu, May 2010
Russell Young, August 2004
Minwoo Yun, December 2006
Ilhong Yun, August 2007
Frank A. Zeigler, August 2001
Hongwei Zhang, August 2004
Ling Zhou, December 2005

Member of The Texas State University System