Professor Souryal Named FDD Academic Fellow

In March 2009, Dr. Sam Souryal was named an "Academic Fellow" for 2009-2010 by the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies (FDD), a non-partisan policy institute headquartered in Washington, D.C. The FDD believes that by providing teaching professionals with access to the best information available on terrorism, it will be able to better inform the future leaders of our country about this issue. In addition, the FDD hopes that Dr. Souryal will then be able to serve as an expert resource on terrorism issues on campus and in the community. Dr. Souryal also believes that this fellowship will expose him to a unique view on the threat of terrorism to global democracy, on the chances of resolving the Arab-Israeli tension, and on presenting the United States' role as a more peace-loving country that can make the world a better place to live in.

Upon his return, Dr. Souryal will make a brief presentation to interested faculty, staff, and students on the lessons he learned during the course of his fellowship. Dr. Souryal stated that he is so thrilled to be selected to receive this honor, and he will faithfully apply what he has learned in his classes, in his neighborhood, and in society at large.

Public Housing Safety Initiative

Victoria Titterington

Victoria Titterington recently completed service as the Program Evaluator for a two-year Public Housing Safety Initiative (PHSI) grant from the Community Capacity Development Office of the USDOJ Office of Justice Programs. Houston (as the major city within the U.S. Attorney's Southern District of Texas Office) was one of 19 sites nationwide that received these grants, aimed at "providing funding for the investigation, prosecution, and prevention of violent crime and drug offense activities in public, federally-assisted, and Indian housing." The Urban Institute also worked with grantees to develop performance measures that could be used to track progress toward their stated goals and to document the long-term impact of the PHSI.

The Houston Public Housing Safety Initiative focused on three public housing developments (Kelly Village, Cuney Homes, and Kennedy Place), located in Houston's Fifth Ward, northeast and south of downtown. During the one-year period preceding the grant, the rates of violent Part I crime for the targeted public housing developments ranged from 3.2 to 6.3 times the citywide rate; during the same period the rates of non-violent Part I crime for the targeted developments ranged from 1.3 to 2.2 times the citywide rate. Also, the rate of calls for service for these areas ranged from 2.4 to 4.0 times the citywide rate.

The approach of this initiative was uniquely comprehensive in that it included both targeted law enforcement as well as community development activities and outcomes. Among the numerous activities within this effort were: (1)"high visibility" patrols focused particularly on prostitution and narcotics in and around the three public housing complexes, (2) domestic abuse prevention classes for resident juvenile females, (3) DEA sponsored classes on prescription drug abuse among juveniles, for grandparents raising their grandchildren within these housing units, and (4) tours of university campuses (including Sam Houston State University and our College of Criminal Justice) by high-risk juveniles, with the hope of prolonging their education through high school and beyond.

Both violent and non-violent crime rates decreased at two of the housing developments (Kelly Village and Kennedy Place) during the major law enforcement period of the grant, with an 11 percent decrease in violent crime and a 30 percent decrease in property crime. The Cuney Homes crime data showed an overall increase in officially reported crime during the major law enforcement period, thought to be accounted for by increased citizen reports of crime to the police, a positive rather than negative outcome. Over the course of ongoing law enforcement/housing residents meetings, residents reported that they are now more willing to speak to police because they actually know some of them individually and believe that law enforcement will respond more quickly to reports from residents.

Dr. Titterington's observations are that "this has been one of the most positive projects with which I've been involved, because of its broad scope and the grassroots citizen, service provider, law enforcement collaboration. I was continually struck by how much, given the resources, each of these stakeholders invested in improving the immediate and long-term conditions of living for the residents of Kennedy, Kelly, and Cuney."

Texas Regional Center for Policing Innovation

by Randa Embry

The Texas Regional Center for Policing Innovation (TRCPI) has been hard at work creating and establishing their new training structure, providing fee-based training to agencies requesting community policing training or related workshops. TRCPI was excited to begin this new endeavor through a partnership with the Southeast Weed and Seed Program in Ft. Worth with a Community Engagement Workshop, which brought community members and law enforcement officers together for a full day to begin building relationships and creating lasting partnerships between the police and local community members, which is crucial to effective community policing efforts. This program, while developed for the Southeast Ft. Worth community, can be tailored to meet the needs of any community group, and TRCPI is looking forward to conducting several more of these beneficial workshops.

In addition to developing new, tailored training deliverables, TRCPI has been privileged with the opportunity to support Human Trafficking training, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. As a result, Human Trafficking Awareness training has been provided in several states and continues to be offered in Texas. This training provides a range of participants from law enforcement backgrounds to victim services information regarding this most atrocious crime-modern day slavery. TRCPI has also partnered with the Human Trafficking Rescue Alliance of Harris County, a human trafficking task force comprised of agencies such as the Harris County Sheriff 's Office, the Federal Bureau of Investigations, and the YMCA of Houston to provide a week-long immersion training for human trafficking task forces from around the country. Immersion learning not only gives visiting task forces the opportunity to learn more about human trafficking and effective investigations and prosecutions, but also provides crucial contacts and partnerships for future assistance or collaboration. Thus far, TRCPI has hosted task forces from Utah, Missouri, and Wisconsin, and is currently in the planning stages for future trainings.

In February, TRCPI conducted a DNA Seminar which reached over 100 participants and addressed DNA issues in effective prosecutions. Participants included law enforcement officers, attorneys, emergency service technicians, and crime lab technicians, among others. Additionally, TRCPI continues to provide community policing training, maintaining the basic mission and direction of community policing principles regardless of new partnerships or directions.

Speaking of new partnerships, TRCPI has recently joined the Rights Consortium, a human rights group of partners funded by the United States Agency for International Development, which includes Freedom House, a human rights organization, the American Bar Association, and the National Democratic Institute. The focus of projects resulting from this new partnership is rule of law, with a more specific target of order and security internationally. This partnership opens new doors, with the potential of participating in multiple international projects. We have certainly been busy, and we look forward to continuing to provide new and innovative community policing training and technical assistance not only in Texas, but abroad.

The Texas Forensic Science Commission Investigates Crime Lab Practices

by Leigh Tomlin

In 2007, the Texas Forensic Science Commission received funding to establish a central office and begin making decisions regarding the investigation of several pending complaints regarding forensic negligence. HB 15 appropriated the Commission's allotted funds to Sam Houston State University, under the Correctional Management Institute of Texas, where the Commission office was set up. Sam Houston State University and the Correctional Management Institute of Texas are pleased to be a part of this groundbreaking project.

Several complaint forms were received by the Commission this year and last year, and the Commission has made decisions to proceed on two independent, residential fire incidents that involved the loss of life and subsequent criminal proceedings, including trials, convictions, and in one case the execution of a man convicted on the basis of forensic methods that have since been proven scientifically invalid. The Commission has also undertaken an investigation involving a case where an individual was convicted and subsequently exonerated through the use of DNA analysis.

The Texas Forensic Science Commission is focused on establishing a foundation for developing its independent oversight of forensic labs in Texas. The Commission has found that Texas is unique in its commitment to ensuring the integrity of forensic labs and that all forensic science elements of the criminal justice system are operating at the highest possible level. For the future, the Commission hopes to strengthen the communications between itself and accredited laboratories in Texas as well as to continue to work with DPS to make sure that proper oversight is a priority in the Forensic Science community in Texas.

For more information on the Texas Forensic Science Commission, please visit the website at or contact the Commission Coordinator, Leigh Tomlin, at 1(888) 296-4232.

CVI Continues Research Series on Victims' Issues

The Crime Victims' Institute publishes reports that bring important victim issues to the forefront. The following is a brief look at the most recent victim issues researched by the CVI.

Victimization of Immigrants

There is little published research on the victimization experiences of Asian and Hispanic immigrants to this country. That which does exist often is based on the impressions of police officers and district attorneys. There are some studies which look at a particular immigrant group, but few of these focus on one geographical area and the different ethnicities residing there. Because Houston has an ever increasing number of foreign-born residents, learning about their experiences is important to ensuring their safety and providing needed services. This report not only presents information on victimization experiences, but also on what influences whether victims seek assistance.

Personal Victimization of College Students

This report is based on the victimization experiences of a sample of college students at seven Texas universities. Students were invited to complete an online survey about their experiences during the past two years. This study was conducted because previous research has shown that persons between 16 and 30 years of age are at the highest risk for personal victimization. Of particular importance was the information given about victimization in dating, co-habiting, and marital relationships. Because the sample was drawn from Texas college students, the results have specific relevance for policymakers and victim assistance efforts at the state and local levels, and at college campuses across the state. It is our hope that the findings reported here will increase understanding of the conditions and situations that contribute to personal victimization among college students and lead to constructive ways to both prevent it and assist those who are victimized.

CMIT Upcoming Events

The Correctional Management Institute of Texas will host the Emergency Preparedness Program for Corrections from May 11-15 in the Criminal Justice Center. This program, produced in conjunction with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ), represents a significant national collaboration to provide critical training to a national market. Participants are highranking officials responsible for emergency preparedness and crisis management from more than 10 states.

From July 20-24, CMIT will conduct its second Media and Public Relations class for criminal justice practitioners. The first class, held in 2008, met with resounding success and provided CMIT with tremendous job-related performance feedback. Many of the participants put their newlyacquired knowledge into practice in front of television cameras and radio microphones within days of course completion. For more information on upcoming CMIT training opportunities, please visit

CMIT Women's Conference Goes National

Nearly 300 women gathered in San Antonio from April 13-16 for CMIT's annual Women in Criminal Justice Conference. The three-day program, which has grown from 88 participants in 2007, attracted practitioners from agencies and organizations in Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, Texas, and Utah. Probation and parole agencies, institutional corrections, law enforcement, and judges' and district attorneys' offices were represented at the gathering.

Under the guidance of Natalie Payne, Project Coordinator at CMIT, the conference addressed a wide range of professional and personal topics to assist women in facing the daily challenges of pursuing professional goals and raising a family. The keynote speaker, Luella Burke, chair of the board of directors of the North American Association of Wardens and Superintendents (NAAWS), led off the program with words of inspiration and encouragement that the highest heights can be attained by women working together for personal and professional accomplishment. Participants had a unique opportunity to learn of the career path traveled by women in top leadership, including Harris County Judge Beverly Malazzo, Carey Welebob, Assistant Director of the Criminal Justice Assistance Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ), and Raven Kazen, former Director of the Victim Services Division of TDCJ.

Jo Ann Jones-Burbridge, Associate Director of the Texas Juvenile Crime Prevention Center, and Charlotte Stallings, former National Spokesperson for American Express, offered invaluable advice on the importance of professional image, including making a positive impression and improving public speaking ability. Other conference sessions included personal financial management, managing difficult people, and a demonstration of defensive tactics for self protection.

In Memoriam: John A. Cocoros

John A. Cocoros, 82, a former College of Criminal Justice professor, a well known state and national leader in the field of juvenile justice, and a tireless advocate for troubled and at-risk youth died on April 1 in Lakeway, Texas, following a series of strokes.

An experienced administrator and consultant to governments and correctional agencies in the U.S. and abroad, Cocoros began his career in law enforcement, but soon the primary focus of his career became the field of juvenile corrections with an emphasis on systemic reform and delinquency prevention.

Survey on Citizen Perception of Police

Dennis Longmire

During the summer and fall of 2008, the Survey Research Program completed a Citizen Impression Survey for the Houston Police Department (HPD). Drs. Longmire, Zhao, and Lawton worked closely with the Houston Police Department's Executive Assistant Chief Timothy Oettmeier to construct a survey instrument designed to provide the HPD leadership with information on the citizens' impressions of police services. The instrument included 70 items focusing on citizens' general impressions of the Department's officers and their satisfaction with the Departments' delivery of a variety of services ranging from traffic law enforcement to the response to mental health consumers. Also included were questions focusing on a series of topics of special concern to the HPD such as the use of "red light cameras," "Homeland Security cameras," and Conducted Energy Devices (Tasers).

The sample included 1,250 Houston-area residents 18 years of age or older between May 1 and June 3, 2008, who agreed to participate in the survey. All respondents were selected for inclusion in the study through the use of random digit dialing (RDD) methodologies, and data were collected via computer- assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) technology. Additionally, respondents within bilingual or Spanish-only speaking households were provided with the opportunity to complete the interview in Spanish, thus ensuring that respondents from this population subgroup were provided with ample opportunity to respond.

Houston residents have an overwhelmingly positive image of the Houston Police Department's officers. Over 70% of the respondents either "strongly agreed" or "agreed" that HPD officers are honest (70.6%) and fair (70.2%) in their interactions with citizens. The great majority of the respondents to the survey either strongly agreed or agreed that the Houston Police officers are hard working (80.3%) and well trained (71%). The most persistent statistically significant sub-group differences are found across the different age and ethnic groups examined. Women were also more likely than men to report favorable attitudes about HPD's services.

In addition to submitting the Final Report to HPD, Longmire, Zhao, and Lawton are working on several publications for submission to scholarly journals and are currently in the process of designing a second survey for HPD that will employ stratified sampling techniques to better represent Hispanic respondents.

Alcohol and Caffeine in Energy Drinks

In a recent publication, Dr. Sarah Kerrigan published a study to determine whether "nonalcoholic" energy drinks produce detectable alcohol concentration in human subjects. The study involved a commercial transdermal alcohol detection system that is being used in criminal justice settings. The device consists of an ankle bracelet that measures alcohol electrochemically via the skin in a continuous manner. Remote monitoring of the transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC) via modem identifies alcohol use in the subject by generating an "alcohol alert." The purpose of the study was to determine the scientific validity of the "energy drink defense" whereby subjects wearing the device claim that consumption of non-alcoholic energy drinks produces a "false positive" alcohol alert. The FDA considers beverages containing less than 0.5% alcohol to be "non-alcoholic," and these do not need to contain the government warning statement or list ethanol as an ingredient. Eleven energy drinks were investigated in total. Ethanol ranged in concentration from 0.03 to 0.230% (w/v), and caffeine content per 8-oz serving ranged from 65 to 126 mg. A total of 15 human subjects participating in the study consumed between 6 and 8 energy drinks (180 Red Energy) over an 8-hour period. Although alcohol was detected in some subjects, none produced elevations in transdermal alcohol concentration sufficient to produce an "alcohol alert" (<0 .02="">Journal of Analytical Toxicology.

Hot Spots and Edge Effects: An Examination of Crime Patterns across Contiguous Suburban Police Agencies

Brian A. Lawton and Larry Hoover

Current innovations in policing require a more geographically-oriented focus on crime and places of interest. Unfortunately, these patterns are often limited to knowledge of crime only within the agency's jurisdiction. This has particular significance when identifying "hot spots" of criminal activity, as it is not confined to these same boundaries. This is particularly germane to contiguous suburban jurisdictions with "jigsaw puzzle" borders. The authors used data collected through the Criminal Research, Information Management and Evaluation System (CRIMES) to examine this issue and determine how these contiguous areas impact on the identification of "hot spots" of criminal activity. Data from Southlake, in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, were employed. Results demonstrate that the identification of the hot spots can be strongly impacted by crime from the surrounding jurisdictions.

Major Cities Research Data

Larry Hoover

Data from the Major Cities Research Initiative is focused upon assessing two related programs: Dallas' "Hot Spots" Program, involving assignment of officers to 21 designated high-crime areas during at-risk times, and Houston's Crime Reduction Unit. Four years of crime, arrest, and call-for-service data has been obtained and, with considerable effort by Drs. Lawton and Zhang, "cleaned" and transposed into SPSS. Faculty and research assistants assigned to the project are in the process of analysis and composition of publications addressing the effect of focused crime reduction from several perspectives. The data is also proving useful for other purposes. Cooperating with Dr. Terrence Dunworth of the Urban Institute, a portion of the Houston data will serve to document the potential effect of crime reduction efforts by Target in neighborhoods contiguous to their stores. Dee Warren is employing another element of the Houston data to assess the impact of the absorption of Katrina evacuees upon the city.

National Jail Leadership Command Academy

by Danny Downes

Sunday March 1, 2009, marked the beginning of the National Jail Leadership Command Academy (NJLCA), Class #1. Thirty-eight mid-level supervisors representing 13 states and 25 jurisdictions attended the academy held at the George G. Beto Criminal Justice Center. For the next five days the participants were exposed to a curriculum specifically designed to help prepare them for successful transition into leadership roles in our nation's jails.

Monday morning, Susan McCampbell opened the program with "Understanding Yourself-MBTI." All participants were tested on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) prior to arrival at the academy. Gaining a better understanding of themselves helped participants to personally apply concepts throughout the rest of the week. The remainder of the curriculum, delivered by Susan McCampbell, Dr. Randy Garner, Dr. Phillip Lyons, and Dr. Gary Christensen, concentrated on the skills and tools needed to hone leadership and management abilities.

Participants were engaged daily from the time they sat down for an early breakfast until they worked on their problem-solving projects at the end of the day. The networking opportunities continued into the evening with dinner and discussion groups to talk about required reading materials.

Throughout the week, it was evident the class as a whole recognized the value and significance of this long needed academic opportunity for tomorrow's leaders. One attendee said in a class evaluation, "I, too, attended the Police Supervision class many years ago. [I]t was very good, but so far I have already picked up more [here] in 1 1/2 days than four weeks [there]..."

The National Jail Leadership Command Academy (NJLCA) is a joint initiative of the Correctional Management Institute of Texas, the American Jail Association, and the National Association of Counties. The National Institute of Corrections also supports the academy by providing funds for travel to planning, curriculum review, and debriefing meetings. The purpose of the National Jail Leadership Command Academy is succession preparation for mid-level managers currently working in or supporting America's jails.

LEMIT - Where Academia and Practitioners Meet

by David Webb

Throughout the year thousands of law enforcement professionals attend training and personal development courses at the Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas (LEMIT). Much of the course content is delivered by Sam Houston State University faculty from the College of Criminal Justice. But that is not where the interface stops.

  • New courses, that address tomorrows issues, have to be designed, and this is where LEMIT leverages the academic excellence offered at the College by funding research programs such as the Major City Chiefs Initiative led by Dr. Larry Hoover. In this way, the results of meaningful research in the field are ploughed back into the content of newly designed courses.
  • Evaluation is an important assessment component at LEMIT. Internally, LEMIT's research specialist, Dr. Hyeyoung Lim, recently undertook a major evaluation of the flagship Leadership Command College program. Additionally, Dr. Holly Hutchins of the University of Houston was contracted to undertake a study on learning transfer, utilizing the Learning Transfer Systems Inventory (LTSI).
  • LEMIT is a great resource for researchers, with law enforcement officers of differing ranks passing through its portals, most of whom are very amenable to responding to survey instruments and being engaged in trials and experiments.
  • LEMIT is also a great facility for student workers and researchers. LEMIT employs over twenty students at the undergraduate and graduate level who are afforded the opportunity to work and undertake research in a professional environment.

This summer there will be two new projects undertaken by doctoral candidates. Ms. Ling Wu will develop a model to identify salient factors to be considered by police departments when their cities annex new areas that considerably increase the policing requirement.

Ms. Ji Seun Sohn will be undertaking an audit of the data and resources held by LEMIT throughout its sixteen programs, and identify ways for these to be made available to faculty at the College for research purposes.

College Features Student Research in the First Annual CJ Undergraduate Conference

On April 22, the College of Criminal Justice hosted its first annual CJ Undergraduate Conference, organized to give SHSU Criminal Justice students a chance to share their ideas on important criminal justice issues. "We're excited to initiate this opportunity for our students to showcase some of their writing, research and presentation skills," said Dr. Holly Miller in her opening remarks. Dr. Webb, Dean of the College, then gave the keynote address, which made a distinction between street gangs and other types of organized crime and detailed some of the stronger approaches to reducing gang membership and activity.

At the center of the conference were two student research contests-one for research papers, another for research posters. Several students submitted to the paper contest, with the $500 first prize going to Ashley Clark for her paper titled, "Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Texas Prisoner Reentry Initiative through Pre and Post Risk & Treatment Scores." Chad Cryer won $300 and second place for his paper, "Police Satisfaction of SHSU Students," and Detrick McAffey received third place and $200 for his paper, "Promoting Victim Assistance Awareness in the African American Community."

Some of the other topics submitted to the paper contest were:

  • Sarah Bailey, "Sex Offenders Cheating You Out of Money"
  • Sarah G. Broxson, "The West Memphis Murders: Was Justice Served?"
  • Robert J. Ellis, Jr., "The Benefits of Legalizing Marijuana"
  • Nicole M. Juarez, "Survival of the Fittest: True Life in Prison"
  • Mary Arion McBride, "V for Vendetta"
  • Chibuike K. Oparaji, "Prosecutor's Discretion"
  • Rachel Schmid, "Opposition to the Legalization of Drugs"

Over the lunch hour, the College provided snacks and punch in the Friel Room while students presented their research posters in the lobby. The poster judges awarded the first place $500 prize to Nicole Larison for her poster on "The Effect of Water Salinity on Sodium Concentration in Bone." Second and third places went to Kristen Pelo for her poster, "Blood Spatter Variations Caused by Firearms," and Rachel Schmid for her poster, "Deterrence Theory of Capital Punishment."

All six student winners were recognized at the conference and then received their awards and checks the next evening at the College's annual Awards Convocation.

Research Portfolio Replaces Traditional Ph.D. Comprehensives

With the faculty action approving a dramatically revised process for doctoral qualifying examinations, the Sam Houston State University College of Criminal Justice doctoral program enters a new era. The traditional comprehensive examination process has been replaced with a qualifying examination in the form of a research portfolio. The goal is to provide a substantially enhanced research component to the Ph.D. curriculum. That concept will pervade the program, from the first semester's coursework to the initial years as an alumnus.

The College is justifiably proud of the quality and impact of the doctoral program, built over the forty-year history of the effort. Our graduates have excelled. Two College of Criminal Justice graduates-Dr. Janet Mullings and Leanne F. Alarid-were named "academic star" publishers in a recent article in the Journal of Criminal Justice Education. We have established a virtual lineage of Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences presidents, with our alumni holding the office for three of the last five terms. Most "rankings" of Ph.D. programs in Criminology and Criminal Justice place SHSU in a highly competitive position. We have done well-particularly when we must compete with flagship state universities recognized more by the university name than the actual productivity of its criminal justice program.

But that is not good enough. Borrowing the title from Jim Collins' famous book, we intend to go from "Good to Great." And we are already great on a number of dynamics: a huge high-quality baccalaureate program; a reputation in Texas as the place to attend for criminal justice; a name that instantly opens doors; millions of dollars annually channeled to us from the Texas Legislature for CMIT, LEMIT, and CJC operations; an already strong and growing international exchange; a very substantial research effort; a presence in respected journals; and the list goes on.

Times nevertheless change. A gradual but cumulative shift among doctoral programs is occurring. Acknowledgement as a program of import in the next decade will not come from teaching quality, a strong field service component, or visibility in academic associations. It will come from sophisticated research with a strong statistical component-published in highly competitive journals. Our recent faculty hiring reflects this shift in emphasis, as does Dean Webb's tenure. Now the core structure of the doctoral program will also reflect the shift.

Portfolio Requirements

Doctoral students will no longer be tested "comprehensively." Instead the goal of what we formerly called "comprehensives" will be demonstrated research competence-a research portfolio. Passing "Quals" in the form of the portfolio will be a significant achievement.

The specified requisites for each student's Research Assessment Portfolio will be determined by program committees, constituted on a student by student basis. Competence is demonstrated by a combination of the following four core components:

  1. Manuscripts publishable (or published) in recognized refereed journals.
  2. Publication of applied research monographs and reports.
  3. A series of literature analyses in areas related to a proposed dissertation.
  4. Academic conference presentations (primarily ACJS and ASC), and related activities.

A student who has already established a record of publications in refereed journals is apt to have to do little else to demonstrate research competency. A "light" record of publications will likely require demonstration of research competence by a combination of the last three components.

Our goal is straightforward: we want doctoral graduates with a beginning record of research publication, a robust research agenda, and a commitment to contributing to the body of knowledge in Criminal Justice.

Forensic Science Graduate Program Earns Accreditation

This February the American Academy of Forensic Sciences met in Denver, Colorado, for its annual meeting. One order of business was a gathering of the Forensic Science Education Program accreditation Commission (FEPAC) to decide which university programs currently under review would be granted academic accreditation. Though the number of FEPAC accredited graduate programs was expected to jump dramatically this year, due to the many programs that applied for accreditation and were inspected, only one new program received full accreditation for the next five years--the Masters in Forensic Science Program at Sam Houston State University.

Member of The Texas State University System